Astronomers catch black hole shrouded in molecular cloud

A Huge Black Hole Found Near the Center of the Milky Way

Artist impression of a black hole.

The mechanisms by which they grow so large is unknown, and speculation is complicated by the fact that they seem to have been in place very early in the history of the universe - fully forming only a few hundred million years after the big bang.

At the same time, the studying of supermassive black holes will help scientists understand more of the universe.

A black hole 100,000 times more massive than the sun right in the center of the Milky Way has been discovered by scientists. One possible scenario is that intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs), which are formed by the runaway coalescence of stars in young compact star clusters, merge at the centre of a galaxy to form a SMBH3.

Recent research has shown supermassive black holes are essential to the creation of galaxies, stars - and even life itself.

That accolade is reserved for Sagittarius A, which is anchored at the very centre of the galaxy and has a mass of 400 million suns.

Observations from the Alma telescope in Chile showed that molecules in the elliptical cloud, which is 200 light years from the centre of the Milky Way and 150 trillion kilometres wide, were being pulled around by enormous gravitational forces.

Scientists with the EU-funded Black Holes and JWST project used observations by the massive radio telescopes in Chile's Atacama Desert to spot the spectral signatures of gas molecules spewing from black holes, according to Horizon.

The newly-found black hole could be the core of an old dwarf galaxy that was cannibalised during the formation of the Milky Way billions of years ago, Oka told "The Guardian".

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The finding published in Nature Astronomy provides important insights into how supermassive black holes like the one at the very centre of our galaxy were created.

Oka has yet to say if that'll result in the destruction of the world as we know it and we'll be sucked up into and destroyed by a vortex of incredible nothingness.

Black holes are hard to spot because they don't emit any light of their own.

'If you have a rotating black hole with an accretion disk (particles orbiting the black hole), it can actually act like a kind of dynamo, ' Emonts said.

"Theoretical studies have predicted that 100 million to one billion black holes should exist in the Milky Way, although only 60 or so have been identified through observations so far", the authors continue.

Unusual movements of gas detected within CO-0.40-0.22 suggested some massive force was accelerating matter inside the cloud, which the researchers hypothesised was our best candidate yet for an intermediate-mass black hole.

Prof Oka said: 'Further detection of such compact high-velocity features in various environments may increase the number of non-luminous black hole candidate and thereby increase targets to search for evidential proof of general relativity.

They conclude their paper by saying that such a discovery would make a considerable contribution to the progress of modern physics.

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